Horizonte Banner

February 16, 2017


Host: José Cárdenas

Achieve60AZ Initiative

  |   Video
  • Achieve60AZ is a community alliance initiative made up of organizations throughout Arizona with the goal of advancing educational success. Rich Nickel, College Success Arizona CEO and also one of the community directors for Achievev60AZ talks about the initiative.
Guests:
  • Rich Nickel - College Success Arizona CEO
Category: Education   |   Keywords: education, community, initiative,

View Transcript
JOSE: ACHIEVE60-A-Z IS A COMMUNITY ALLIANCE INITIATIVE MADE UP OF ORGANIZATIONS THROUGHOUT ARIZONA WITH THE GOAL OF ADVANCING EDUCATIONAL SUCCESS. JOINING ME TO TALK ABOUT THE INITIATIVE IS RICH NICKEL, C-E-O FOR COLLEGE SUCCESS ARIZONA. RICH IS ALSO ONE OF THE COMMUNITY DIRECTORS FOR THE ACHIEVE60-A-Z INITIATIVE. RICH, WELCOME BACK. TO "HORIZONTE". TELL US FIRST WHAT ACHIEVE 60 MEANS AND THEN I WANT TO DISCUSS HOW THIS CAME TO BE.

RICH NICKEL: ALL RIGHT. ACHIEVE 60 IS REALLY THE BRAND NAME FOR THE GOAL THAT ARIZONA HAS SET AND THE GOAL IS 60% OF ATTAINMENT OF OUR WORKING ADULT AND ACHIEVEMENT IS HIGH VALUE CERTIFICATES OR A DEGREE. 60% WITH A DEGREE OR CERTIFICATE BY 2030.

JOSE: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

RICH NICKEL: 30% HAVE AN ASSOCIATE DEGREE OR ABOVE AND 5% HAVE A HIGH VALUE CERTIFICATE.

JOSE: WHERE DOES THAT PLACE US WITHIN THE STATES IN THE SOUTHWEST?

RICH NICKEL: WE ARE SOMEWHERE AVERAGE MAYBE SLIGHTLY BELOW WITH THE EXCEPTION OF NEW MEXICO. WE HAVE PLACES TO WORK IN LIKE COLORADO. TEXAS AND WASHINGTON WHERE A LOT OF TALENTED STUDENTS ARE GOING HAVE ATTAINMENT RATES QUITE A BIT ABOVE US.

JOSE: AS I UNDERSTAND, WHERE WE DID STAND OUT IN THE NEGATIVE WAY WAS WE DIDN'T HAVE A SET GOAL.

RICH NICKEL: YES, WE STARTED TAKING A LOOK AT WHAT WE MIGHT BE ABLE TO DO IN THE NEAR FUTURE TO GET US MOVING IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION AND REALIZED ARIZONA IS ONE THE ONLY FEW STATES IN THE COUNTRY WITHOUT A GOAL LIKE THIS. WE HAD NOT TAKEN A LOOK AND EXAMINED HOW WE NEED TO ALIGN OUR ATTAINMENT RATE WITH THE FUTURE MARKET. IT WAS A WAY TO GET THE COMMUNITY TOGETHER AND SET A GOAL.

JOSE: BY WHEN ARE WE HOPING TO HAVE THIS?

RICH NICKEL: 2030 IS THE TARGET DATE. THE WAY WE LOOKED AT THAT IS NUMBER ONE YOU NEED TIME TO MAKE THOSE NUMBERS MOVE BUT ALSO REALLY LET'S US HAVE CHILDREN THAT ARE VERY YOUNG IN THE SYSTEM GET THROUGH THE PIPELINE AND GO ON AND GAIN ACCESS TO THE COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY.

JOSE: YOU REFERRED TO THIS AS A STATE-SUPPORTED GOAL IN WHAT SENSE? WHAT ROLE IS THE GOVERNOR’S OFFICES AND OTHERS PLAYING?

RICH NICKEL: 360 AZ IS AN ALLIANCE OF 60-70 COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS NOW. SO IT IS COMMUNITY-OWNED. THAT IS THE INTENTION AND DESIGN. BUT THE GOVERNOR HAS BECOME VERY SUPPORTIVE OF THIS IDEA. I THINK THAT REALLY THE SWEET SPOT FOR HIM. THIS IS SOMETHING I THINK THE GOVERNOR CAN GET BEHIND AND HELP SUPPORT BOTH WITH RESOURCES AND HOPEFULLY SOME DAY FINANCIAL RESOURCES. BUT THE COMMUNITY CAN OWN THIS AND TAKE IT UP THROUGH THAT LONG DATE OF 2030.

JOSE: WHERE ARE WE NOW IN THE PROCESS OF GETTING THIS GOING?

RICH NICKEL: WE ANNOUNCED THIS IN SEPTEMBER OF LAST YEAR. REALLY, WHAT WE HAVE DONE SINCE THEN IS FUNDRAISING AS A COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATION TO GET FUNDS TOGETHER TO DO AN INTENSIVE PROJECT DESIGN STAGE. WE HIRED A PROJECT DIRECTOR TO TAKE US THROUGH THE PROJECT DESIGN STAGE. WE HAVE AN INITIAL BOARD OF DIRECTORS RUNNING US THROUGH THE INITIAL PHASE OF THIS UNTIL WE FIGURE OUT WHAT IT IS AND THAT IS PROBABLY GOING TO BE AROUND THE MIDDLE OF THE YEAR.

JOSE: WE TALKED A LITTLE ABOUT THIS BEFORE COMING ON THE SET. YOU MENTIONED THERE ARE FOUR PEOPLE THAT ARE INVOLVED AT THE MOMENT.

RICH NICKEL: FOUR COMMUNITY DIRECTORS ARE WATCHING THIS AND HELPING IT OFF THE GROUND. MYSELF, PRESIDENT EILEEN CLINE, THE PRESIDENT OF THE ARIZONA BOARD OF REGENTS, THE CHANCELLOR FROM THE MARICOPA COUNTY SCHOOL DISTRICT AND HELIOS.

JOSE: THEY ARE VERY SPUPPORTIVE.

RICH NICKEL: THEY ARE. THEY CAME TO THE TABLE WITH THE FIRST GRANT.

JOSE: WHEN DO YOU THINK TO HAVE SOMETHING BACK FROM THE CONSULTANT?

RICH NICKEL: I THINK WE ARE LOOKING AT A JUNE TIME FRAME. AS A COMMUNITY-BASED INITIATIVE WE ARE LOOKING AT WHAT KIND OF STRUCTURE WE HAVE. WHERE THE ORGANIZATION IS RESIDING, HOW WE FUND IT MOVING FORWARD AND MORE IMPORTANT THAN THAT WHAT WAS INITIALLY ACHIEVED IN THE ORGANIZATION AND HOW CAN WE MAKE THE IMPACT TO GET US TOWARD THE GOAL AND MOVE THE NEEDLE.

JOSE: YOU MENTIONED WE WERE ONE OF THE FEW STATES THAT DIDN'T HAVE A GOAL. WHAT HAPPENS WITH THE STATES THAT HAVE SET GOALS?

RICH NICKEL: LIKE ARIZONA MANY STATES ARE NEW IN THE PROCESS.

JOSE: IS THIS A NEW THING SWEEPING THE COUNTRY?

RICH NICKEL: IT IS NOT NEW EVERYWHERE BUT THERE HAS BEEN A RECENT SURGE AROUND OBTAINMENT GOALS. I THINK PEOPLE ARE REALIZING ESPECIALLY GETTING THE NUMBERS THAT SAY 70% OF YOUR STATE'S JOBS ARE GOING TO REQUIRE POST-SECONDARY TRAINING TO MEET THE DEMAND WE CAN ONLY EXPECT IN THE NEXT FEW YEARS STATES ARE GETTING INTERESTED IN ALIGNING THE LABOR FORCE AND THE EDUCATION WE HAVE TO TAKE ADVANTAGE AND MAXIMIZE THE POTENTIAL OF THE JOBS COMING IN. THAT HAS BEEN HAPPENING ALL OVER ESPECIALLY CHANGING FROM RURAL TO A MORE TECHNOLOGY-BASED JOB. YOU HAVE TO HAVE THE TRAINING AFTER HIGH SCHOOL.

JOSE: HOW DOES THE FACT WE HAVE SUCH A LARGE ETHNIC STUDENT POPULATION HERE AND PEOPLE IN THAT AGE GROUP AND YOUR WEBSITE TALKS ABOUT THAT. HOW DOES THAT PLAY INTO WHAT YOU GUYS ARE DOING?

RICH NICKEL: IT IS VITAL. CAN REALLY CAN'T WE UNDERSTATED. WE TALK ABOUT STRATEGIES FOR THE K-12 PIPELINE AND GETTING ADULTS RETURNING TO SCHOOL AND HELPING PEOPLE GRADUATE FROM HIGH SCHOOL THERE IS ONE UNDERLYING ISSUE AT HAND AND THAT IS WE HAVE A FAST-GROWING LATINO POPULATION IN THE STATE. IT IS REALLY JUST A MATH PROBLEM. IF YOU HAVE A FAST-GROWING POPULATION AND THAT POPULATION DOESN’T INCREASE THEIR OWN ATTAINMENT RATES AND WE DON’T ENCOURAGE THAT, THEN THE ENTIRE STATE'S ATTAINMENT RATE CAN GO DOWN. EVEN IF WE STAY THE SAME IN THE YEAR’S FORWARD BECAUSE OF THE FAST GROWING TREND LINE --

JOSE: WE WILL LOSE GROUND.

RICH NICKEL: WE WILL LOSE GROUND.

JOSE: THANK YOU FOR JOINING US ON "HORIZONTE" TO TALK ABOUT IT.

Sounds of Cultura: La Esquinita, USA

  |   Video
  • La Esquinita, USA is a play about a small border town in decline after the big factory employer leaves for China. We'll talk to actor and playwright Rubén C. González, who portrays 11 different characters in the production.
Guests:
  • Rubén C. González - Actor and playwright
Category: Sounds of Cultura   |   Keywords: Sounds of Cultura, art, play,

View Transcript
IN SOUNDS OF CULTURA S-O- C, LA ESQUINITA, U-S-A IS A PLAY ABOUT A SMALL BORDER TOWN IN DECLINE AFTER THE BIG FACTORY EMPLOYER LEAVES FOR CHINA. ACTOR AND PLAYWRIGHT RUBEN GONZALEZ, PORTRAYS 11 DIFFERENT CHARACTERS IN THE PRODUCTION. JOINING ME HERE NOW IS RUBEN GONZALEZ. WELCOME, RUBEN, TO "HORIZONTE." I KNOW THE PLAY WAS WRITTEN IN 2010 ORIGINALLY. BUT IT IS HARD NOT TO THINK ABOUT WHAT IS GOING ON RIGHT NOW WITH THE FACTORY MOVING TO CHINA. TELL US AS THOUGH WHAT YOU WERE INTENDING TO DO WITH THIS.

RUBEN GONZALEZ: PART OF IT IS SEEING HOW WHEN BIG BUSINESS MAKES DECISIONS LIKE THIS AND HOW IT AFFECTS A COMMUNITY AND WHAT THAT DOES TO THE INFRASTRUCTURE OF WHICH COMMUNITY AND NOT JUST ON THE PHYSICAL PLAIN BUT INTERNALLY WHAT IT DOES TO US AND OUR RELATIONSHIPS WITH EACH OTHER. THAT IS PROBABLY THE MOST IMPORTANT THING I WANT PEOPLE TO GET FROM THIS PLAY; WHAT IT DOES TO US INTERNALLY AND OUR RELATIONSHIPS TO THE PEOPLE IN THE COMMUNITY AND HOW WE RELATE TO EACH OTHER ESPECIALLY WHEN PUT IN A POSITION OF SURVIVAL.

JOSE: I SAID IT WAS WRITTEN ORIGINALLY IN 2010 BUT THE PLAY REFERS TO EVENTS THAT OCCURRED IN 1960.

RUBEN GONZALEZ: YES, THE BIG TIRE FACTORY IS THE ONE THAT CLOSED DOWN AND IT WAS THE RIPPLE EFFECT. IF YOU THINK ABOUT REAGAN ECONOMICS AND WE ARE STILL DEALING WITH THE TRICKLE DOWN EFFECTS. THAT WAS A WHILE AGO. YOU SO IT STILL HAPPENING NOW IN DIFFERENT PARTS OF OUR COUNTRY.

JOSE: IT IS SET OVER THE COURSE OF A DECADE. YOU PLAY THE NARRATOR. WE HAVE PICTURES OF SOME OF THE CHARACTERS. IF YOU WANT TO PUT THEM ON THE SCREEN AND TALK ABOUT THEM AND THEN TALK ABOUT THE SPECIFICS. WHAT IS THIS CHARACTER REPRESENTING? LOOKS LIKE HE HAS JUMPER CABLES AROUND HIS NECK.

RUBEN GONZALEZ: THIS IS SOMEBODY WHO HAS HAD A ROUGH LIFE. HE IS JUST GETTING OUT OF PEN AND HIS WIFE NEEDS CARE AT THE CLINIC. THE KID DANIEL, WHO WE SEE THE SHOW THROUGH HIS EYES, HE HAS IDEAS ON WHO SOMEONE LIKE HE IS. THE NARRATOR TELLS THE STORY OF WHO HE IS DANIEL IS TAKEN BACK BY THE MAN'S HISTORY. WE HAVE STEREOTYPES AND WE PUSH THEM TO THE SIDE AND SAY THAT IS WHAT HE IS. BUT WHEN YOU FIND OUT WHAT HAPPENED TO HIM AND WHY HE IS THE WAY HE IS THE KID DANIEL HAS A DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVE OF WHY THE GUY IS THE WAY HE IS. WE DO THAT ALL THE TIME IN THIS COUNTRY. THEY ARE MUSLIM SO THEY ARE THIS WAY.

JOSE: WE WILL PUT UP ANOTHER PICTURE OF ANOTHER CHARACTER. TELL US ABOUT THIS CHARACTER.

RUBEN GONZALEZ: THAT IS DANIEL. THAT IS THE 18-YEAR-OLD KID THAT WE SEE THE SHOW THROUGH HIS EYES AND HE IS THE ONE LEARNING THESE LESSONS. THE ENTIRE SHOW TAKES PLACE AT THE CORNER. IT IS ALSO THE CORNERS IN OUR MIND THAT GO INTO WHAT WE SHOVE EACH OTHER INTO. THIS IS DANIEL. THIS IS THE STORY. IT WOULD HAVE WORKED THERE. BUT DANIEL IS AN ONLY CHILD. HE IS AFFECTED BY LIVING IN THE TOWN AND THE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE IS DEVASTATING IN THE TOWN. HE IS JUST A PRODUCT OF THE COMMUNITY. SO YOU SEE DANIEL STRUGGLE THROUGH THESE THINGS. DANIEL GOES THROUGH THIS JOURNEY AND I THINK THE POWER OF THIS SHOW IS THAT DANIEL IS ALL OUR CHILDREN, YOU KNOW. IT IS US, TOO. AND THE THINGS WE STRUGGLE WITH. WE JUST HAPPEN TO SEE IT THROUGH THE EYES OF A YOUNG MAN.

JOSE: WE FOUND ONE MORE CHARACTER WE WANT TO PUT ON THE SCREEN AND HAVE YOU TELL US WHAT IS GOING ON?

RUBEN GONZALEZ: THAT IS YOLANDA THE GIRLFRIEND OF THE NARRATOR. SHE WAS A COMMUNITY LEADER AND TRYING TO KEEP EVERYBODY TOGETHER WHEN THE TIRE FACTORY SHUTDOWN. SHE SAW ONCE THE FACTORY MOVED THERE WAS FIGHTING BETWEEN THE AFRICAN-AMERICANS AND MEXICANS THAT LIVED THERE. WHEN THEY USED TO WORK TOGETHER THEY WERE FINE. THEY WERE NEIGHBORS. BUT AS SOON AS THE DESTRUCTION OF THE COMPANY, THE MAIN SOURCE LEADING, PEOPLE STARTED TO FRACTURE IN THE COMMUNITY. WE TEND TO LOOK FOR THE DIFFERENCES IN EACH OTHER AS OPPOSED TO THE THINGS THAT ARE THE SAME. THAT IS WHAT HAPPENS AND THE UNFORTUNATE THING THAT HAPPENS. A GOOD EXAMPLE OF THIS IS A TOWN LIKE OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA. OAKLAND WAS A PORT TOWN, THRIVING AND THE INDUSTRY LEFT AND YOU SEE THE FRACTURING HAPPENING. IT IS A BROWN AND BLACK TOWN.

JOSE: YOU HAD A BLACK CHARACTER IN THIS. TELL US ABOUT THE ONE WE WERE TALKING ABOUT EARLIER IN PARTICULAR.

RUBEN GONZALEZ: WELL, DANIEL'S GIRLFRIEND IS BLACK. THAT IS THE BIG, YOU KNOW, THE BIG AH-HA MOMENT AT THE END OF IT. SO HIS FRIENDS FIND OUT HE HAS BEEN DATING THIS BLACK GIRL AND DANIEL HAS TO MAKE THAT CONSCIOUS CHOICE TO STAY WITH HER BECAUSE HE REALLY LOVES HER. HE CAN'T KEEP GOING ON OTHER PEOPLE’S PERCEPTIONS OF HER. THE SKINNY BLACK IS THE ONE WHO HANGS OUT WITH THE MEXICAN AND HE IS TRYING TO HELP THE CHARACTER WITH THE JUMPER CABLES BECAUSE HIS MOM GOT A CHECK IN THE MAIL AND THE CHECK WAS FOR $911 DOLLARS. SO HIS MOM WAS GOING TO LET HIM HAVE SOME OF THE MONEY TO HELP OUT HIS WIFE WITH THE CLINIC.

JOSE: WE ARE ALMOST OUT OF TIME. I KNOW THAT YOU PERFORM THIS ALL OVER THE COUNTRY AND REGARDLESS OF WHERE YOU ARE AT IS THE AUDIENCE YOU ARE PERFORMING IN THE REACTION IS POSITIVE WHETHER IT IS A WHITE AUDIENCE, BROWN AUDIENCE OR BLACK AUDIENCE.

RUBEN GONZALEZ: THE THING IS UNIVERSAL. THAT IS THE REACTION I HAVE GOTTEN FROM PEOPLE OF ALL RACES AND ECONOMIC BACKGROUNDS. THEY ALL CONNECTED TO THE UNIVERSALITY OF THE SHOW. THE SHOW IS PLAYING AT THE HERBERGER THEATER UP UNTIL FEBRUARY 26TH.

JOSE: LOOKS GREAT AND THANK YOU FOR JOINING US ON “HORIZONTE".

Vision and Sound: An African American Experience

  |   Video
  • The West Valley Arts Council is celebrating Black History Month by showcasing artists working in different mediums ranging from photographer to sculpture. Amber Starr, West Valley Arts Council gallery assistant talks about the exhibition.
Guests:
  • Amber Starr - West Valley Arts Council gallery assistant
Category: Culture   |   Keywords: Black History Month, photography, art,

View Transcript
JOSE: THE WEST VALLEY ARTS COUNCIL IS CELEBRATING BLACK HISTORY MONTH BY SHOWCASING ARTISTS, WORKING IN DIFFERENT MEDIUMS RANGING FROM PHOTOGRAPHY TO SCULPTURE. WITH ME TO TALK ABOUT THIS IS AMBER STARR, WEST VALLEY ARTS COUNCIL GALLERY ASSISTANT. WE HAVE A BUNCH OF PICTURES TO RUN THROUGH. THE FIRST IS THE GALLERY. WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE GALLERY?

AMBER STARR: THE ART HQ GALLERY.

JOSE: THESE ARE SOME OF THE PIECES UP IN THE EXHIBITION THAT RUNS FROM NOW UNTIL?

AMBER STARR: FEBRUARY 26.

JOSE: TELL US HOW THE EXHIBITION CAME TO BE, WHY THESE PARTICULAR ARTISTS. WE HAVE SOME UP ON THE SCREEN BUT WE WILL RUN THROUGH MORE IN A MINUTE. BOB MARTIN, I THINK. BUT WE WILL COME BACK TO THAT. TELL US HOW THIS ALL CAME TO BE, WHO PUT IT TOGETHER AND WHY THESE PARTICULAR ARTISTS.

AMBER STARR: MICHAEL AND NORMA CUNNINGHAM ARE HUSBAND AND WIFE COUPLE. HE IS FEATURED IN THE EXHIBIT. THEY APPROACHED THE WEST VALLEY ARTS COUNCIL LAST YEAR TO START AN EXHIBIT THAT CELEBRATES AND FOCUSES ON BLACK HISTORY. LAST YEAR THEY SQUEEZED IN THE EXHIBIT BETWEEN TWO OTHER EXHIBITS SO IT WAS ONLY A WEEK LONG. THIS YEAR IT WAS EXPANDED TO A MONTH LONG IN ADDITION TO NUMEROUS EVENTS IN THE GALLERY AND WEST VALLEY COMMUNITY. WE HAVE ARTIST TALKS, WE HAVE A CONCERT, A PATIO CONCERT THIS COMING SATURDAY IN ADDITION TO AN ARTIST TALK.

JOSE: AND THESE PIECES ALL COME FROM ONE PERSON’S COLLECTION? PRIVATE COLLECTION. IS THAT RIGHT?

AMBER STARR: SOME ARE PRIVATE. MICHAEL CUNNINGHAM IS EXHIBITING WORK. JOHAN HAS HIS PRIVATE COLLECTION FROM A SERIES OF WORK THAT WAS UNCOMPLETED WHEN HE PASSED AWAY AND SHE CREATED THE DESERT MET MORSEL SERIES. THE REMAINDER OF THE ARTISTS ARE EXHIBITING WORK AND SOME IS FOR SALE AND SOME ISN'T.

JOSE: LET'S LOOK AT THE PIECES. BOB MARTIN FIRST. WE HAD ONE OF HIS PICTURES THERE. WE HAVE GOT ONE MORE THAT I WANT TO PUT UP ON THE SCREEN THERE OF HIS WORK. TELL US ABOUT HIM.

AMBER STARR: HE IS A WONDERFUL PORTRAIT ARTIST. I BELIEVE THE MEDIUM HE WORKS IN PRIMARILY IS OIL. SO ALL OF THESE PAINTINGS ARE IN OIL. I FEEL LIKE HE CAPTURES AFRICAN-AMERICANS IN A POETIC AND POIGNANT WAY. THERE IS A WOMAN WADING IN WATER AND WE BELIEVE IT IS DURING HURRICANE KATRINA. THERE IS A PORTRAIT OF TWO SISTERS SITTING TOGETHER AND A MAN WHO IS POSED CASUALLY WITH A TIE UNDONE AND THERE IS A JAZZ SINGER. HIS ART IS PERSONAL AND HE PUTS ON CANVAS RELATIONSHIPS PEOPLE HAVE TO EACH OTHER.

JOSE: AND THEN WE HAVE JOE WILLY SMITH SCULPTURES. WE WILL PUT SOME OF HIS PICTURES ON THE SCREEN.

AMBER STARR: SO WILLY SMITH IS A CULTURE SAVANT. HE TAKES FOUND OBJECTS AND CREATES SCULPTURES THAT ARE MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. HE DEMONSTRATES HOW TO PUT A MICROPHONE UP AGAINST THE SCULPTURE AND CREATE MUSIC FROM THEM. THAT IS ANOTHER COMPONENT OF THE VISION AND SOUND EXHIBIT. VISION AND SOUND. WE HAVE GABRIEL VAGUE AND MICHAEL CUNNINGHAM WHO HAS PAINTINGS OF JAZZ MUSICIANS.

JOSE: WE JUST FLASHED ONE OF CUNNINGHAM'S. VERY VIBRANT.

AMBER STARR: BEAUTIFUL WORK.

JOSE: AND ANOTHER ONE. IS THIS NEW ORLEANS? IS IT INTENDED TO REPRESENT THAT PART OF THE COUNTRY? WHAT IS HE DEPICTING HERE?

AMBER STARR: I DON'T KNOW IF IT IS A PART OF THE COUNTRY SO MUCH AS JAZZ.

JOSE: JUST GORGEOUS. THE LAST ARTIST WE WANT TO TALK ABOUT IS STEVEN MARK. WE HAVE GOT THIS PIECE AND ANOTHER ONE OF HIS. TELL US ABOUT HIM.

AMBER STARR: HE IS AN ASU PROFESSOR, PHOTOGRAPHER AND DIGITAL MONTAGE ARTIST. ANY SORT OF HISTORICAL EVENT THAT CAPTURES, I WOULD SAY THE AFRICAN-AMERICAN EXPERIENCE, SOMEHOW OR ANOTHER HE IS ABLE TO BE THERE AND DOCUMENT IT ON CAMERA. SO WE HAVE PHOTOGRAPHS OF HIS THAT FOCUS ON THE CONFEDERATE FLAG BEING REMOVED FROM THE SOUTH CAROLINA STATEHOUSE, WE HAVE PHOTOGRAPHS THAT ARE DIGITAL MONTAGES THAT HAVE A HISTORICAL CONTEXT.

JOSE: SO THE TWO WE SAW, THE FIRST ONE AND I DON'T THINK OUR VIEWERS WOULD HAVE BEEN ABLE TO SEE IT BUT THE BACK OF THE ONE MAN'S HEAD WHAT IS THAT REFERRING TO?

AMBER STARR: THAT IS A TERM THAT WAS CREATED IN THE 1800S, I BELIEVE, BY A DOCTOR WHO WANTED TO DOCUMENT THE MINDSET OF RUNAWAY SLAVES. WITH THAT PARTICULAR PICTURE, HE USED MONTAGE TO, I GUESS, SUPER IMPOSE RUNAWAY SLAVE CARTOONS AND DESCRIBE THE CONDITION THAT WAS GIVEN TO THEM.

JOSE: AND THEN THE OTHER PIECE LOOKED LIKE IT WAS TAKING CARDBOARD DEPICTIONS. WHAT IS HE IS DOING THERE?

AMBER STARR: I BELIEVE THOSE ARE TWO AFRICAN-AMERICAN KIDS AND I WANT TO SAY THEY ARE FROM THE OUTSIDE LOOKING IN. THEY ARE OUTSIDE THE FENCE AND LOOKING AT EVERYTHING GOING ON INSIDE THE FAIR.

JOSE: THEY ARE ALL BEAUTIFUL PIECES. TELL US WHAT IS COMING UP AT THE GALLERY.

AMBER STARR: WE HAVE A CALL TO ARTIST COME OUR UPCOMING SIXTH ANNUAL FLORAL AND BOTANICAL FESTIVAL. WE HAVE A HOST OF OTHER EVENTS GOING ON. WESTVALLEYARTS.ORG IS THE WEBSITE. THERE IS SO MUCH GOING ON. WE DO A LOT.

JOSE: THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR JOINING US ON "HORIZONTE."

AMBER STARR: THANK YOU.