Horizon, Host: Ted Simons

September 3, 2012


Host: Ted Simons

100 Years, 100 Ranchers

  |   Video
  • Follow Scott Baxter as he photographs the Amado family at their ranch in southern Arizona on his way to photograph 100 ranchers whose families have been ranching in Arizona since 1912 or earlier. Watch the original segment here.
Category: The Arts   |   Keywords: 100 years, 100 ranchers, 100, ,

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Ted Simons: Ranching is a big part of Arizona’s past, but some are concerned that it may not have much of a role in the states future. Concern that the ranching way of life was disappearing, photographer, Scott Baxter set out to make a permanent record of 100 ranchers from families that have been ranching ins Arizona for 100 years or more. I spoke with Baxter near the end of his decade long journey to complete this ambitious project, and we will get to that in a moment, but first, we tag along with Baxter as he photographs ranchers in Sothern Arizona.
spent most of the last decade driving across Arizona to photograph long-time Arizona ranchers. Baxter is concerned that those hard-working men and women could be among the last of a dying breed. Producer David Majure and photographer Scott Olson caught up with Baxter at a ranch in southern Arizona.

Scott Baxter: Some of these ranches that we're photographing aren't going to be around because development is going to find its way in, and there's a lot of ranchers I know, there's no one coming up hunt them, so they'll most likely be sold. I just thought, what if photographically I could at least try to record these families that have been here since 1912 or earlier? I didn't really plan to do anything with it, I just wanted to see if I could accomplish it. We call it 100 years, 100 ranchers. Basically the criteria is, the family has been ranching in Arizona continuously since 1912 or earlier.

Henry Amado: My ancestors came here from Spain in the 1840s. And they were coming to Tucson by covered wagon. This is my great grandfather. About 1852 is when they set up the ranch in what is called AMADO.

Scott Baxter: This family is very historic family, goes back a long ways, and a beautiful ranch. And one of my Santa Cruz is probably one of my favorite places to be in the whole state. Photographs should be easy for you to look at. It doesn't mean it has to be Pollyannaish, It's just easy. If it's easy, it's good. Henry, just ride in the middle. If I push too hard to push a photograph, it doesn't work out. I kind of let the photograph come to me. There's not a set process. Aside from scouting the day before, knowing I want to use that big Sycamore tree, I don't have like a list of what I'm going to do. I just walk in and it's kind of the way I have always worked. I kind of wing it. It works for me. Perfect, guys, OK. The last one with this camera for now, at least.

Henry Amado: I was standing there, last evening by the tree between two horses, and -- with my son and grandson on each side of me. Very proud.

Scott Baxter: It just gives you an idea, it's a small shot. You want to show that pride, as a group they're very proud of their heritage, very proud of what they do. That's where we're at. We're going to shoot a few more with this camera. With the portraits you just kind have to take more time and get your frame up the way you want it, and then you read your light and shoot it.

Henry Amado: I think it's a wonderful thing that Scott came up with this idea.

Scott Baxter: This is actually very nice where we're at now.

Henry Amado: It's recorded history.

Scott Baxter: I don't think they're looking for recognition. I think they like the fact there's going to be a record of this somewhere. For their kids, for future generations. For me, forget about the pictures. It's the experience to travel around the state and -- I usually average getting to a ranch and getting back usually 3½ hours each way. It's a lot of miles. I'm sure tens of thousands, but it's -- I like driving. And I get to see a lot of the state. I treated this in a lot of ways just like could it have been shot, you know, a hundred years ago. I bring a digital, but that's just to shoot just for them. We're shooting black and white, no lights. It's basically camera, film, and a tripod. That forces me to think about my composition. It makes you think more as a photographer.

Henry Amado: I like to get the cattle into these two corrals. We were doing the spring round-up, which means bring the cattle in from the pastures, bring them into the corral. Starting off the baby calves, separating the bigger steers, because we're going to sell them. I don't know of any rancher that doesn't work hard. You have to. No, I don't have to do this. I've always been a very successful CPA, and with my son as my partner, the business is still going. Maybe that's why I can afford to be here. Because if he's there, I don't have to be at the office. But I enjoy being here, and at my age, I deserve to be here. I think it's love of the land. Love of the land.

Scott Baxter: The brandings are -- can be kind of exciting. You got two guys roping and dragging calves, and three or four cowboys throwing cows on the ground. Sometimes if the action stuff I don't have time to do too much but just hang in there. You don't want to be the cause of somebody getting hurt. You don't want to be the cause of livestock getting injured, and you certainly don't want to get hurt yourself. You stay dialed into the frame, but you have to have a few things going on in your head at the same time and keep yourself cognizant of really what's going on around you.

Henry Amado: He's going to brand one.

Scott Baxter: I've learned a lot. I wasn't aware I was going to brand a calf yesterday, but -- which was wonderful for me and kind of an honor that Henry asked me to give it a shot.

Henry Amado: I was surprised he had not had that experience. Beautiful. When he branded the first calf he got a happy smile and said, well, now you're going to learn to castrate a calf.

Scott Baxter: Same thing with this one?

Henry Amado: And he did one. He's an expert now. [laughter]

Scott Baxter: This one is a little bit more -- this is like the old style. I've not had a bad experience. And I've got a story for every ranch I've been at. That's perfect. Hold that. The photographs are the icing on the cake, but the real thing is I just -- you know, they're a great group of people. And I've just been real honored to have the opportunity to meet them and spend time with them.

Henry Amado: The cattle business is OK. It's going to keep going. For example, this ranch is not for sale. It will continue. There will be somebody here, one of the kids, maybe son-in-law, grandson, who knows? But they'll keep it going.

Scott Baxter: They're all hard working people who just like -- they love what they do. And they really love the land. That's the thing I've come away with, they really love this land, and they really want to take care of it.

Ted Simons: And here now to talk about 100 years, 100 ranchers, which by the way has been designated an official state centennial legacy project, is photographer Scott Baxter. Good to have you here. Thanks for joining us.

Scott Baxter: Thank you, Ted.

Ted Simons: Why ranchers? What led you to this?

Scott Baxter: At a ranch I met Wayne Crigler, who settled that whole Lee valley area. Over a few years I spent time with Wayne and she's got a museum, and my B.A. is in history, so we struck up a friendship, and just by spending time with her and her sister and another rancher up there, Sam Udall, I got the feeling that this thing was changing, and this was a tenuous tradition. And I just came up with the idea of probably around 2000, 2001, I have been working on it since '99, but I came up with the idea and said, what if I try to shoot a hundred of them?

Ted Simons: Did you know it would lead to this many years, this much work, this much travel? Did you know that in the beginning?

Scott Baxter: No. No. Bob Barrett, a rancher at the Lovelake ranch, I met him in 2009 at a cattle meeting, and he came up to me and said, Scott, I bet you thought this would be a lot of fun taking pictures. And it took on a life of its own, but it's been a great trip.

Ted Simons: Did you find yourself getting in the way? Or worried about getting in the way?

Scott Baxter: Not really. In the video piece I spoke about when you're out a -- at a branding and stuff, there's a lot of action. I'm always -- I ask a lot of question and make sure I'm not in the way. And they're usually really good about saying, stand over here. But I'm cognizant to try not to screw things up for them.

Ted Simons: In the video as well you talked about how you look at a shot, I'm always very interested in this, whether or not you saw the Sycamore tree and you said, that's a photograph, or, when -- or did you not know that was going to be a winner until had you them stand next to -- do you see it in your mind's eye, or do you see it through the lens and go, that's it?

Scott Baxter: The process on this project, people ask me that a lot, I never know what I'm going to do when I walk into a ranch. I go in with an open mind. What happens is I look around, I get my ideas, but for me it's more of an emotional thing.

Ted Simons: This shot right here, did you know that had to be -- did you know those hands had to be a photograph, or did you find those hands and go, that's it?

Scott Baxter: We were waiting to go gather cattle and this is the O’Haco Cattle Company outside of Winslow, and this is Jim, who owns the ranch, these are his hands. I was talking with him in & his ranch manager and shooting portraits of them. When you looked at them, I just -- it's not rocket science.

Ted Simons: You know it when you're see it.

Scott Baxter: Exactly.

Ted Simons: It's interesting, you were saying, another photograph right here, it's got -- great line in the video, it's got to be an easy thing to look at.

Scott Baxter: This is probably one of my favorite photographs that I took. This is a great example. A friend of mine said that, there are quiet moments before you shoot and after you're done that sometimes provide a great image. This is when I was done. I had four frames left, I had always warned that tree, I couldn't get it in and we were done and that's John Hayes, who was a state legislator, and he was speaking with his daughter. And I had four frames left on the camera and I just pick it up, it was the end of the day, four frames, I didn't have any more film and that was it.

Ted Simons: Black and white, large format, why?

Scott Baxter: Black and white, everything from six by six sent meter to eight by 10 negative, for the large format stuff it allows me to slow down when I'm doing a portrait. Sometimes people will slow down too. It will -- they'll look at the camera and you, converse more with them. You don't have to look through a camera, you can get it framed up and stand to the side and speak with them a little bit.

Ted Simons: But as far as the texture of black and white, when you get those down, they're gorgeous.

Scott Baxter: It's like I was saying, it's hard to explain, but there's a depth to a black and white photograph that I just don't feel you get in a digital photograph.

Ted Simons: What's next for you?

Scott Baxter: Project wise, I dovetailed off this project, and I'm just beginning it, and I've shot a few tests, tentatively right now it's called top hand but I want to do a cowboy project, but not rodeo cowboys. I want to do working ranch cowboys. And it may not be just Arizona, it may be throughout the west. But I've started and it that's my next goal, to work on that.

Ted Simons: Are you concerned about the future of ranching in Arizona?

Scott Baxter: Yeah. It's a very -- a lot of my fourth generation ranchers are the last ones. A lot of them the young kids will go on, we've got some great young ranchers out there, but a lot of the fourth generation ranchers, their kids, the quote is the work is too hard and you can't make enough money.

Ted Simons: You've done great work here. Congratulations and best of luck to you.

Scott Baxter: Thank you.

Arizona ArtBeat: Bruce Marion

  |   Video
  • Chandler artist Bruce Marion talks about his creative process and the inspiration for his paintings. He also comments on his recent experience introducing children to abstract art as an artist in residency at a local charter school.
Guests:
  • Bruce Marion - Chandler Artist
Category: The Arts   |   Keywords: art, artbeat, artist, painting, ,

View Transcript
Ted Simons: On tonight's "Arizona Artbeat" we look at the work of Chandler artist Bruce Marion. He'll be here in just a moment, but first photographer Scott Olson and producer David Majure take to us a Scottsdale school where Marion introduces kids to abstract art.

Bruce Marion: You think we'll bring some light in there.

David Majure: Bruce Marion enjoys teaching students a subject that has limitless possibilities.

Bruce Marion: With a painting, we could add a little color here, lighten this, this painting could go a million different ways. And I love that. There is no right answer. We're going to continue on -- you're going to work with Ms. Lee.

David Majure: Bruce and his wife worked as a team during a two-week artist in residency program at the PLC arts academy in Scottsdale.

Lee: Does that matter? No. No. It's just a guideline for us to help us get started. Does everyone have that?

David Majure: Using one of Bruce's paintings as an example, Leigh shows the second graders some fundamentals of blending shapes and colors.

Lee: That's great.

Bruce Marion: What's up, man? How's it going? Ready to do some painting?

David Majure: Meanwhile, Bruce works with the students one-on-one.

Bruce Marion: Let's see. What do we want to do?

David Majure: They're collaborating on a class project, and the abstract painting that every child has helped create.

Bruce Marion: Work it up off the template. There's something really beautiful happening in the moment, and that's how these are approached. These are not preplanned, but one step leads to the next, leads to the next, you step back and look at and it make some choices. I love that process. And I think the kids respond well to it. Good job. Good morning. What is that on your watch? Are you super excited?

David Majure: Bruce has fun introducing kids to abstract art.

Bruce Marion: You know, they seem pretty open to it. Because I think most of them don't know how to draw realistically or render, so I think it's more natural to them.

David Majure: On the other hand, he says grown-ups are less likely to get it.

Bruce Marion: Actually when I got out of art school I used to think anyone that did ash extract art didn't know how to draw or paint. So you become an abstract artist, but from being a realist and an illustrator, and moving into painting, I made a leap to go into abstract art, and I realized how difficult it actually is, because there's no subject matter to really lock it in. Like once it looks like a tree, OK, I'm done, I rendered it, it's a tree, but again, with abstract art it's so open, all you have is texture and shape and moving light through it, and you're playing with all the abstract elements.

David Majure: When kids have a chance to play with an empty canvas, they don't hesitate to fill it with ideas and endless possibilities.

Bruce Marion: For me I think my main goal is -- I know a lot of them won't be artists and there probably a few that L. but I like they're learning some skills out of it. Ultimately I think in any teaching it's just giving them the excitement about learning. I think if you have excitement about learning when you're out of school, you'll continue that process.

Ted Simons: Joining me now to talk about his painting and his work with kids is Chandler artist Bruce Marion. Good to have you here. Thanks for joining us.

Bruce Marion: Thanks. You're welcome. Thanks for having me.

Ted Simons: You are an artist, what does that mean? What do you do?

Bruce Marion: Well, I'm a lucky one. I get to paint pictures and make my living doing that, which is amazing. I'm thankful every day for that.

Ted Simons: When you paint, is it something that you see? Is it something -- abstract or maybe not so abstract, or is it something that you see?

Bruce Marion: It's interesting, I was an illustrator for a lot of years where I would look at things and illustrate and create realistic things. Most of the pieces I do now are a sense I have about something, I'll start with something, with abstraction on my canvas and I'll let the image emerge, and it may take different directions. I may start creating a river, and it's not working, it may move in a whole different way. So I have really learned to follow the process of painting without forcing it to be what I think it should be.

Ted Simons: So much in the way a novelist will say I started with my characters being one way but the characters decided to be something else. It’s the same thing with painting something.

Bruce Marion: Exactly.

Ted Simons: I know as well, I thought this was fascinating, you start with an under painting so to speak, you start with almost a background in a sense, but like a sculpture, you then subtract from that and bring something -- how -- talk to us about that.

Bruce Marion: It's interesting, I studied classic art and the old masters would always start their painting with a medium tone, brown, umber or brown, and they would build their painting off that. But they'd get rid of the white. Like a writer staring at that white canvas is intimidating. So when I started playing with abstraction, I kind of developed this technique where I would do this wild abstract painting, very free form with all this energy, and paint moving around, and I'd fill the canvas, so I'd have color, and texture happening. So then I let that dry, and then to me it's a matter of -- so I've got this crazy universe going, then I start like a sculpture, chipping away, covering up parts of it with opaque layering until the imagery starts emerging out of it.

Ted Simons: And you never know what that going to be until you subtract?

Bruce Marion: Exactly. I'll usually base coat them not knowing what I'm going to paint.

Ted Simons: You use the same concept, I've read, and hope you tell us more, with the kids. As we saw, they're doing their thing, and something develops.

Bruce Marion: Exactly. The beauty with the kids, they listen -- each class listened to a different piece of music, some was more classical, one was a 2001 kind of piece, and out of that music we started talking about the emotions and feelings of that, and what colors did that feel like. Was it cool colors or warm and hot colors, so we decided on a palette then from there the kids -- they loved this part, they did the abstraction where I give them appellate knives and tubs of paint and they're going at it. It's actually quite beautiful in that state. So then that dried and we talked about what kind of shapes does this music feel like? Is it oval shape, jaggy shapes, and so they're kind of interpreting music into a visual form.

Ted Simons: And they understand what you're asking them to do.

Bruce Marion: I think so. The results speak for themselves. It's pretty neat.

Ted Simons: The idea of teaching kids the creative process, it can be such a dicey thing. You're dealing with kids, you're not sure -- talk to us about that, and this nonlinear way of thinking. How you're promoting that idea as opposed to two plus two always equaling four.

Bruce Marion: Exactly. As I've learned in my career, the first part of my life was very logical and if I do A, B, C, I'm going to get D. Logical brain. And the more I started letting go and listening to my intuition, and just looking at what's around me and responding to that, almost like the golf swing you're talking about, you've got to be in the moment doing it. You can't be thinking of your lesson, your practice. And I approach art that way. I'm right there with the canvas, and I'm going to see what's emerging out. Because there may a beautiful passage, but if it's not my initial plan, I would just cover it up. But by following the painting, I can allow that passage to become part of it, and I can see what beauty is coming out of it and be right there in the moment.

Ted Simons: When you're working with kids, are they easier -- I know you work with kids and adults, are kids more amenable to that sort of thing? Is it easier for them to get rid of that nonlinear thinking?

Bruce Marion: I'm not sure. I think kids are more open to it. I think as adults we get a little more locked in with our thoughts and what we think we can or can't do and what's acceptable or not. And I think adults too, myself included, we start getting very worried about outcome. Your art is like broadcasting is a very public sort of thing. I'm going create a painting to show to people. You don't want to do something that looks stupid, oh, this has to be my masterpiece. But as I tell my students, the minute you start thinking that way, you freeze up, when you think about oh, I gotta do the perfect shot, you've lost it already. You can't be thinking that.

Ted Simons: It's that little person on your shoulder who keeps saying, this isn't very good.

Bruce Marion: That too. Oh, yeah. We all have that one.

Ted Simons: You've got to brush them off and move forward. Do you notice a difference between teaching kids and adults in that sense of being open in that sense, just sake brush that critic off and go ahead no matter what?

Bruce Marion: I'd say the kids are much more free. When you give them paper -- my wife was working with them on small pieces, they would do some amazing things, not thinking about it, but intuitively, and I think as adults we get too analytical and too worried about how it's going to look and worried about the outcome. I think kids haven't been conditioned completely to that stage yet.

Ted Simons: You mentioned -- I saw on your website a couple of quotes. "You must be both a dreamer and a pragmatist." What does that mean?

Bruce Marion: That's a good question.

Ted Simons: That was long ago you must have said that?

Bruce Marion: I hardly ever remember what I say.

Ted Simons: Here's another one. "There has to be a duality of character and purpose when it comes to art." Does that make better sense?

Bruce Marion: I think with both of those, what it means to me is, I've got to show up and do the work every day so there's a pragmatic part to it. But I am such a dreamer, my -- I have enough ideas, if I lived to two or 300 years old I wouldn't have enough time to do all the ideas in my brain as far as explore with art. So I think the pragmatist has to pull it down and stay focused on what needs to be done and -- you always have to do the work. You can't wait for the inspiration. So you've got to show up for that.

Ted Simons: It's basically, guy back to the writing analogy, you have to sit down and write. Sit there and do it. You just can't wander around staring at the sky. Is that -- does the muse hit you or do you find the muse?

Bruce Marion: I find the muse. If I waited for inspiration, I would never have a career in this. It really is a matter of the discipline -- what I found, this is interesting. You start painting and then the inspiration comes. Sometimes you're inspired before, but mostly show up, start painting, and watch what happens, and your mind and creativity starts getting engaged and you're getting excited about something. So it really comes out of the work, where I think people misunderstand a lot of people wait for inspiration, or people who are learning, I'm not inspired, I'm not going to do anything yet.

Ted Simons: It's like that with a lot of life. You've got to just do it and if something happens, it does, if it doesn't, it doesn't. Your work with children is fantastic. I love the idea of teaching problem solving skills and such by the creative process. Congratulations, and thank you so much for joining us.

Bruce Marion: You're welcome. Thank you very much. Appreciate it.
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