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August 6, 2014

Host: Ted Simons

Arizona ArtBeat: Hazel and Violet Ink

  |   Video
  • In a world of ever-evolving technology, one small business in downtown Phoenix celebrates old technology. See how Hazel and Violet Ink uses old letter press machines to produce their unique print work.
Category: The Arts   |   Keywords: the arts, arizona, hazel, violet, ink, letter, press, old, technology,

View Transcript
Ted Simons: Tonight's edition of "Arizona Artbeat" focuses on a centuries-old art form that's being revived in the heart of Phoenix. Producer Shana Fischer and photographer Scot Olson and E.J. Hernandez introduce us to the unique art of letterpress.

Shana Fischer: In an up and coming area of downtown Phoenix, Nancy Hill has set up shop.

Nancy Hill: My business partner and I decided that we would get a small letterpress machine, a tabletop letterpress machine, because we both like typography, we like paper, and we thought it sounded like fun. So I started looking on Craigslist, and instead I found a whole letterpress shop for sale. Which just made so much sense. Since neither one of us had any experience. So we bought it.

Shana Fischer: That dry wit serves Nancy well as she revives an old fashioned art form in a decidedly high-tech world. Nancy has three presses that she uses. But her workhorse is a Chandler in price made in 1922. Letterpress is a type of printing that uses wooden type and rollers to print one page at a time.
Nancy Hill: You assembling the type you want in the format that you want, and you lock it up in a chase, which is a metal frame, you get it all locked up using wood and metal, to make sure it's all tight. You drop it in the press, you ink up the press, the rollers pick up the ink from your disk or cylinder, they roll over the image, whether it's words or an actual image, and it comes together, it's a platen press, it comes together and it prints it on paper.

Shana Fischer: The end result is a raised imprint on the paper. Nancy only uses cotton rag paper as it's ecofriendly and easy to find. But finding the type and the images she uses can be difficult.

Nancy Hill: Well, I look for vintage images and wood type everywhere I can. There's not a lot of that in Arizona, we're kind of too new an estate to have an established -- An old established letterpress community.

Shana Fischer: Nancy's creations range from intricate wedding invitations to simple stationery. Long-time customer and friend Jill Bernstein says the lure of letterpress is a sentimental one.

Jill Bernstein: It reminds me of when I was very young, we lived outside Chicago, we would take the train in to town to go shopping, and the big treat at the end of the day was I got to go to the huge bookstore. And I'd go in and get to buy a book. And I'd pick up the books and the first thing I would do is smell them. And I loved the feel of the paper and the smell of the ink. With letterpress it's that on steroids, because you can also feel the hand and know somebody -- To me print has always been magical, and there's just something -- It's like alchemy. They do this thing and the image shows up and it's beautiful.

Shana Fischer: The letterpress was first imprinted in the 15th century. It's how everything was printed; newspapers, books, until the mid-20th century, when offset printing took its place. Now, printed materials look polished. But for Nancy, it's the imperfections of letterpress that make it so beautiful.

Nancy Hill: Even when I have workshops I have to tell people, it's not going to be perfect every time. There's going to be changes in registration, two colors don't meet at the right spot, changes in impression, first there's a big impression, then there's no impression. And color doesn't come out the same sometimes. So there's a lot of that. And that's what makes it nice. It's handmade. It's one at a time.

Ted Simons: Nancy does offer workshops, or learn to do letterpress yourself. Find out more at the website

Arizona Technology and Innovation: 2014 Innovation Arizona Summit

  |   Video
  • The 2014 Innovation Arizona Summit takes place in Scottsdale August 14. The summit is a joint effort of the Arizona SciTech Festival, the MIT Enterprise Forum Phoenix and the Arizona Commerce Authority. It will explore the lifecycle of innovation from inspiration to commercialization. The summit will also enable collaborators to network and engage in discussions about science, technology, entrepreneurship and innovation. Jeremy Babendure, executive director of the Arizona SciTech Festival and Robert Green, CEO of EndoVantage, will discuss the innovation summit.
  • Jeremy Babendure - Executive Director, Arizona SciTech Festival
  • Robert Green - CEO, EndoVantage
Category: Technology   |   Keywords: technology, innovation, arizona, summit, engage, entrepreneurship, science,

View Transcript
Ted Simons: Tonight's edition of Arizona technology and innovation looks at the 2014 Innovation Arizona summit, which is next week in Scottsdale. It will explore the life cycle from innovation. Here to tell us more about it is Jeremy Babendure, executive director of the Arizona Scitech Festival, and Robert Green, CEO of EndoVantage, a Scottsdale medical testing firm. Good to have you here thanks for joining us. Jeremy, talk about the SciTech festival, talk about this Innovation Arizona Summit.

Jeremy Babendure: This is a very unique pilot about ways to bring an entrepreneurship community together with the science and technology, a stem-based community. The idea is to figure out how to build ideas around innovation and spark ways to get kids more excited about getting in the entrepreneurship, to get the entrepreneurship to work with the investors and pull it together into a large-scale conference.

Ted Simons: When you see this ovation summit, what are you hoping happens?

Robert Green: It's the networking opportunity of the year. All of the people involved in entrepreneurship will be there, there will be great sessions, great learning opportunities A very exciting event.

Ted Simons: The focus, this life cycle of innovation. What does that mean?

Robert Green: Well, innovation is really tough. Think about it. You start off with an idea, you want to grow it into a business, but for the idea you have nothing. You don't have an office, you don't have furniture, you don't have computers, you don't have a copy machine. You have to build all of that together. Arizona is now one of the leading states in providing resources for small companies to do that. We have incubators down in Tucson, up to Flagstaff.

Ted Simons: And as far as this inspiration to commercialization, it really is a process, and it's quite involved.

Jeremy Babendure: It's pretty unique. We have -- So in terms of the conference itself, it brings together a collaboration with the Arizona Commerce Authority, the MIT Enterprise Forum, and the Arizona Scitech Festival. So it covers that whole cycle. There's several -- There's about 20 sessions. One thing that's cool, we have a keynote that's a 14-year-old entrepreneur. He has a session called “Hack-Schooling.” He has taken a really unique approach to, how do you approach education from an innovation perspective. He has the second-most-watched TedTalks with over five million hits.

Ted Simons: You're kidding.

Jeremy Babendure: No. So he really has this profound impact globally and we're bringing him here to be a keynote.

Ted Simons: As far as networking, I know that was mentioned earlier, what are some of these opportunities? How does that work?

Robert Green: Well, in one room you'll have investors, entrepreneurs, inventors, accountants, lawyers, all of the resources a company would need will be having an opportunity to meet them, both on the floor of the exhibit hall and in the informational sessions that will be pretty exciting.

Ted Simons: As far as networking, when you were an entrepreneur, a lot of lone wolves out there, lone eagles, if you will. Just getting around other like-minded people has to be a good thing.

Jeremy Babendure: Absolutely. And so there's the session, for example, called meet the innovation challenge winners. There's an opportunity to learn from people like Bob and there's another company that looks at the space exploration, and a way to look at what they do to learn from other entrepreneurs about the processes they take.

Ted Simons: Sounds like one of the discussions is applying science and technology in the workplace, and in the work force. That's still a developing trend I would imagine.

Robert Green: Absolutely. We're in a knowledge-based economy now, we need people with technical skills. Both to come up with the invention and also to commercialize and develop them.

Ted Simons: And as far as teaching folks, what do you see out there? I know there's integrating steam, science, technology, engineering, arts, and math, an out -- What do you need to see? What do you want to see?

Robert Green: It's critical. We need highly skilled people. For example, EndoVantage has several opportunities right now, they all require engineering degrees in order to participate in this economy and in order for companies like mine to succeed, we need very highly skilled people. And that's what we're trying to do in Arizona.

Ted Simons: As far as that discussion, what will be said? What will be talked about? These are business folks, and I know there's some industry and education and government types along here as well, but you got -- That's got to get to the classroom somehow.

Jeremy Babendure: We already have about 150 educators that have signed up. They've gotten scholarships to attend the session, but for example we have these round table discussions, one’saround internships. So we'll have different students that might have done internships talking about their experience to other kids, it could be to other entrepreneurs. We have a session -- libraries becoming new creator -- Creative spaces that have maker opportunities, we have key libraries that have innovated that space are also having a session.

Ted Simons: As someone who run as firm here and obviously you're looking at these folks, and you're networking as well I would imagine, I would think to a certain degree, when you go around a summit like this, what are you looking for? What interests you?

Robert Green: Clearly we need professional services, accountants, lawyers, we want other companies that we can have some synergistic relationship with, we look at the educational institutions, where we can find particular expertise, we look at the universities who have equipment that we may be able to use.

Ted Simons: Yeah. So basically all of the above.

Robert Green: It takes a community to build a company. Companies really, small companies can't start on their own. They need the help and resources.

Ted Simons: As far as the summit is concerned, you got this thing called the open mike deal, three-minute -- What are we talking about here?

Jeremy Babendure: Basically it's just basically pitch an idea, not a pitch, but come up and say what is your idea, what's your innovation, and to have it broad. It can be from a entrepreneur, a teacher, a student and really pull together this creativity of the echo system. And everything really links within the cycle of innovation.

Ted Simons: So you have three minutes to present your idea and who -- A bunch of judges?

Jeremy Babendure: There's three judges, but they're going to randomly pull names out of the hat. So nobody knows who's going to pitch it. You have a lot of people prepared, and hey, you're going to be on stage.

Ted Simons: That's a good idea, because the ability to present your idea, it's huge in terms of innovation.

Robert Green: It's critical. Especially when it's highly technical. Because most of the people you're speaking with don't have the technical background. So being able to pitch, present, put it in layman's terms, very important.

Ted Simons: It sounds like there will be a lot of folks here, very diverse communities, the best way, this is obviously one way, but how do you continue now to make these connections between these diverse folks?

Robert Green: The key is when you make connection at an event like this, you don't stop there. You follow up. You keep in touch with people, and you go to the next event that we have in Arizona, and keep the relationships going.

Ted Simons: How do you do that? How best can you keep those relationships going?

Jeremy Babendure: From our perspective, with the Arizona SciTech this is the third iteration after conference we've done, and we find a lot of the collaborations that come to fruition in the events actually happen at the conference. So we try to create sessions like meet the mentors and brainstorming ideas to have people that are looking to engage with the festival, talk to people that might have had that experience, learn from them, and we do find they do keep those collaborations going on in the future.

Ted Simons: This is not the first time we've gone through this. How is it developed? What are you seeing?

Jeremy Babendure: The part I'm really excited about is it's pulling together the concept we have with the Arizona SciTech ace kickoff conference and pulling it with the Innovation Arizona Summit. We're bringing in two really unique audiences, the commerce authority, the enterprise firm has brought, and bring it together with the SciTech crowd. They really make a lot of sense with synergy, because science is all about innovation. So it does connect to bring all these audiences in the same place.

Ted Simons: As far as Arizona is concerned, is this state, because we're young, because we're new, because folks tend to come out here and want to start over or get a good foundation, not have to worry about going through the, you know, intricacies of a historical path, make a difference --

Robert Green: Oh, sure. Arizona now comes in the top tier of places for entrepreneurship. It didn't happen overnight, and it wasn't easy. It was the result of a lot of hard work from a lot of people. The beauty about Arizona, is we love to collaborate. You could you talk to almost anybody in the state if you need tomorrow You won't find that in other states.

Ted Simons: Is that getting better too?

Robert Green: Every day.

Ted Simons: Are you seeing that as well?

Jeremy Babendure: M-hmm.

Ted Simons: OK. So this summit is going to be held where and when?

Jeremy Babendure: It's going to be at the Scottsdale Center for the Arts, it's a week from Thursday. So August 14th. It's a full day. And you can find more information about it either to do keynote search Arizona Innovation Summit or go to and we have a front page highlight to that. It's easy to engage and be part of it.

Ted Simons: Very good. Good to have you both here. Thank you for joining us.

Jeremy Babendure: Thank you.

Television and Newspaper Breakups

  |   Video
  • The Gannett Company is the latest large media company to announce it will split its television and newspaper holdings. Among Gannett’s holding are the Arizona Republic and KPNX TV in Phoenix. Micheline Maynard, director of the Arizona State University Reynolds National Center for Business Journalism, will discuss the move.
  • Micheline Maynard - Director, Reynolds National Center for Business Journalism at Arizona State University
Category: Business/Economy   |   Keywords: business, economy, television, newspapers, breakups, journalism, move, arizona, gannett, media, company,

View Transcript
Ted Simons: Good evening, and welcome to "Arizona Horizon." I'm Ted Simons.

Ted Simons: The Gannett Company is the latest media giant to announce that it will separate its television and newspaper holdings. Among Gannett's holdings are "The Arizona Republic" and local NBC affiliate KPNX-TV. Joining us now to discuss the move is Micheline Maynard, director of ASU's Reynolds National Center for Business Journalism. Good to have you here. Thanks for joining us.

Micheline Maynard: Thank you, Ted.

Ted Simons: What exactly did Gannett do?

Micheline Maynard: So what Gannett did is what other major media owners are doing. It has split its broadcast properties from its publishing properties. I actually worked at "USA Today" back in the 1990s, and while I was there, they were acquiring broadcast properties, and they basically said the future would be as a company with this mixed kind of ownership. Now they've decided to join other companies like Tribune, like Time Warner, and basically say, we'll put the publishing properties on their own and we'll put broadcast on their own.

Ted Simons: So why are they doing this?

Micheline Maynard: Well, first of all, publishing has been a drag on earnings on the money that the company earn. They earn their money in two ways -- Essentially broadcast revenue, and they had earned it in print revenue in advertising revenue, but that's been dropping as we've seen the newspaper business suffer. And so essentially the feeling at Gannett is, let's put publishing on its own and see how it does.

Ted Simons: And it sounds as though as far as the business deal is concerned, what they're going to do is basically put all the existing debt over to broadcast and get kind of print off to a brand-new start.

Micheline Maynard: Right. And that's very unusual, because the other companies doing this, like Tribune Company, which is the owner of the Chicago Tribune, they do have debt going with them. And Time Inc., when it split off from Time Warner, had debt go with it. This is a pretty unusual opportunity for Gannett to start a debt-free company.

Ted Simons: Why do you think they're doing that? Was the debt that bad?

Micheline Maynard: It wasn't that bad, but it's to give them the best chance. The broadcast side can produce revenue, there's tons of revenue opportunities on broadcast, and in fact they bought all of a big website called And put it with the broadcast properties, which is pretty controversial, a lot of folks thought they would put it with publishing. But instead they want anything that's electronic, I guess, to go with the broadcast side, and leave the traditional publishing on its own.

Ted Simons: And they did the same with as well.

Micheline Maynard: Exactly. They put that in with broadcast, which is unusual, because there's a lot of data involved in both of those websites, and you would think that would naturally flow to publishing, but instead they're just going to have publishing and have anything else electronic on the other side.

Ted Simons: You could argue both of those websites have a great deal to do with falling print ad revenues.

Micheline Maynard: They do. In fact, I think is one of the sites a lot of people talk about when they say why aren't there ads in the papers anymore for automobile sales. And it's because so many people shop online.

Ted Simons: So with the print side, with no debt starting from ground zero, are they going to hire more reporters, are they going to gobble up other newspapers? What's going to happen?

Micheline Maynard: We always have heard Gannett talk about the newspaper of the future. And when I worked at "USA Today" it was considered the newspaper of the future. And a lot of the Gannett newsrooms have already organized around multimedia website and print model. What we saw this week in Tennessee at the National Tennessean is that everybody has to reapply for their jobs, their jobs are being redesigned, and they're actually adding some new job categories there. So everyone is looking at the Tennessean as maybe the model for what happens to the other publications.

Ted Simons: And it seems as though even though you're a newspaper, quote, quote, a print newspaper, so many folks now get their newspaper online. Is there that much of a separation between broadcast, digital, and quote, unquote, print?

Micheline Maynard: I would like to think the students that I've taught here at Cronkite have equal skills. That the broadcast students can write as well as the print people and the print people can write as well as the broadcast people. But I think the -- For a lot of the print folks they've spent years writing so I think they would feel superior to the writing skills of broadcast, but you're correct, when news breaks, you will go to the news organization that you trust. It might be a broadcast station, it might be print, it might be something that isn't broadcast or printed, it might be just an online website. So everybody has to fight for an audience.

Ted Simons: With that in mind, the impact on shareholder value, what are we looking at there?

Micheline Maynard: So on the side of the publishing side, it's starting debt-free which is super important. Because these other publishing entities are not starting debt-free and it would be more likely that Tribune, or Time would be selling properties than Gannett at this moment in time. The Gannett folks think it's an opportunity to buy some properties because there are some regulations -- Federal regulations that keep you from purchasing community assets if you own broadcasting. Now the broadcasting is off on its own, if you're "The Arizona Republic" and wanted to buy community newspapers across Arizona, you could do that, in the old days you might not be allowed to do that.

Ted Simons: I didn't think those regulation were still in place. They still are?

Micheline Maynard: There are still limits on owning too many properties in one community. And Gannett absolutely sees this as a purchasing opportunity for the publishing side.

Ted Simons: And I understand debt-free, let's make changes, you say changes are already happening in Tennessee, maybe you hire more reporters, maybe you gobble up other newspapers. But if you still -- The print side still is problematic.

Micheline Maynard: Absolutely. So print revenue, if you look at where it's come from, traditionally the printed publication has grown the most. It's provided the most revenue. Digital advertising is very -- It's very hard to get real dollars from that. And so it's going to mean efficiency, it's going to mean working those young reporters probably harder than I had to work at the beginning of my career, and they're going to be looking at every dime and nickel that's being spent on publishing side.

Ted Simons: With Gannett as an example, but all these companies, broadcast, digital, you got your print side, supposed to be separate entities, but you know, certainly symbiotic in some sense -- How much competition goes -- What happens to journalism?

Micheline Maynard: I think first of all the Gannett -- The Gannett -- Former Gannett TV stations and the Gannett publications probably will still do some collaboration. So you will still see "Arizona Republic" reporters appearing on TV here. What I think it does to journalism is basically say, it's funny, because as teachers of journalism we're teaching everybody to be able to do everything. As these public -- as these companies are splitting. And I don't think you have to choose, but I think you have to make a bet on your future, is broadcast better for you than print is for you. And that's going to cause a lot of journalism students maybe some sleepless nights.

Ted Simons: And once they get on the print side they may have more sleepless nights unless they figure out that revenue thing.

Micheline Maynard: That's right, but what you have to remember we have lost a lot of newspapers in this country, but maybe we're down to what we're going to lose. So I'm hoping -- I am optimistic, I'm hoping the surviving newspapers in the markets are strong enough that maybe as a single newspaper they can be strong in that particular market. I don't think every town in America will have a newspaper anymore, maybe not every big city, but the ones that hang on will be stronger than they might have been without the competition.

Ted Simons: And that's a good point, because it makes me think of the idea of these media giants, they're on the web, and they're competing with everything from blogs, to other websites, and these sorts -- Will the media giants still be giants online?

Micheline Maynard: That is a very good question. And I've written for "Time" magazine, and "Time" magazine the magazine itself is a very elite product now. But is updating every single hour of the day. So there's still opportunities to do the old-style printed reporting, but you better be able to do the online reporting as well.

Ted Simons: Indeed. So the future of print newspapers, still there, but still rocky?

Micheline Maynard: Yeah, there's some people that are very pessimistic and think we'll be losing a lot more publications. I don't tend to share that. I think there will be markets like Chicago, where you have the Tribune and the Sun Times, neither of which are particularly all shall strong, where you probably will see one of them go out. Will we have Chicago with no newspaper? I don't think so. I think somebody will survive.

Ted Simons: So -- And you did mention earlier some of these cities may not have a newspaper, and these could be relatively large cities W that in mind, overall, everything we've talked about, the impact on journalism, the impact on society.

Micheline Maynard: Sure. So we grew up in a society where the -- Everybody pulled the newspaper in from the front door. My nephews are growing up in a society where all they have to do is look on their phone, and there is a newspaper, might not be a publication with a name, it might be headlines they pull together. The future will probably be a smaller part of printed, a bigger part of digital and maybe some delivery system we don't know about yet.

Ted Simons: Again, as far as society is concerned, good for society, or are we losing the ability to get information --

Micheline Maynard: you know, I've traveled a lot in Europe, and a number of European cities have 10, 15, 20 newspapers. So you get a lot more coming at you. But you're still going to choose. You don't have 10 different types of cereal in your house, you probably have Shredded Wheat and Cheerios and maybe one other kind, so I think choice is great, but I think in terms of society, we still want to gravitate to the news that fits our needs the best.

Ted Simons: All right. Brave new world out there. Good to have you here.

Micheline Maynard: Thank you so much, Ted, it's a pleasure.