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June 5, 2012

Host: Ted Simons

Forest Restoration Contract

  |   Video
  • Navajo County Supervisor David Tenney shares his concerns about a major forest-thinning contract that was recently awarded to Pioneer Forest Products by the U.S. Forest Service.
  • David Tenney - Navajo County Supervisor
Category: Environment   |   Keywords: forest, restoration, contract, navajo, supervisor, county, ,

View Transcript
Ted Simons: Good evening, and welcome to "Arizona Horizon," I'm Ted Simons. Dense, overgrown forests have fueled massive wildfires that have destroyed much of northern Arizona in recent years, and thinning the forest is a critical step. That's a major goal of the Four Forest Restoration Initiative, or 4-FRY, a 20-year plan to thin 2.5 million acres of Ponderosa pine in northern Arizona. Last month the U.S. Forest Service selected Pioneer Forest Products to start the process. Not everyone likes the choice. Here to share his concerns about the project is Navajo County Supervisor David Tenney. Thank you for joining us.

David Tenney: Thank you, glad to be back.

Ted Simons: We've had you on before talking about 4-FRY. Your involvement with 4-FRY? One of the stakeholders?

David Tenney: Actually I have been avid in the movement toward 4-FRY before it became an actual acronym, if you can call it that. We've been advocating for this for the better part of five years. We've made numerous trips to Albuquerque, to D.C., to the national office of the Forest Service, doing everything we can to move this process along. As you know with the fire 10 years ago and last year with the Wallow Fire, we can't afford to see it burn anymore. Landscape scale restoration is needed, 2.4 million acres.

Ted Simons: Everyone is kind of working together on this.

David Tenney: Correct.

Ted Simons: The first contract now goes out to Pioneer Forest Products. What do we know about this company?

David Tenney: Well, unfortunately not as much as I and several others would like to know. We know a little bit, one of the partners or principals, if you will, is a man from Arizona I know, I've got a meeting scheduled with him for day after tomorrow. We will discuss a little more what they plan to do, to try to learn more about what needs to be done. But not a whole lot is done. They have not been as present or in the forefront of the collaborative process and the stakeholder groups. Kind of been in the background in my opinion or my estimation, so we don't know a lot about them. The principal, the owner of the group, we've never met him here in Navajo County. We should have a meeting next week with Herman Hawke.

Ted Simons: With that many questions, what was the bidding process like? What do you know of the bidding process?

David Tenney: Unfortunately we don't know as much as we would like to. We have made requests to the Forest Service and they know we want more information. We would like them to explain to us why some of these questions we have are yet unanswered. There are some concerns, and when I say we, I don't just mean we at Navajo County. Richard Lander from Greenlee County, many of the environmental community have questions that really need to be answered about why this contractor was selected, and how we can find those answers to get everyone back on the same page and moving forward.

Ted Simons: They are selected again to thin the forest and do landscape restoration, if you will, regarding how many acres of forest land?

David Tenney: The first project is 300,000 acres, 30,000 acres a year for 10 years. That is the first contract. There will be more contracts forthcoming over the next several years. Theirs is a 300,000-acre contract.

Ted Simons: I think the idea among many stakeholders was concentrate on the smaller trees, because they need to be moved. Is this company in line with that kind of thinking?

David Tenney: Well, we're not sure. They say they are, yet I know the environmental communities, the environmental stakeholders I have come to know real well through the process, they have their doubts. One of the principals in the company used to work at the Forest Service in their timber department and has been at odds with the environmentalists, in the years through the timber wars, as to what is a big tree, what isn't, when you should cut it and when you shouldn't. They are skeptical. The reason that concerns us, I come from a sawmill and timber background in my family. I don't mind seeing a big tree occasionally or quite often on a log truck. If we don't have the environmental community buying in, it could torpedo the effort. It could kill the whole thing if we don't have the environmental community stay at the table, we could end up with another timber war, if you will.

Ted Simons: One of the principals involved in pioneer timber products is an ex-Forest Service senior official? That's raising some eyebrows?

David Tenney: It has, particularly amongst the environmental community. If they start sending any signal they might pull away from the table, how can we be successful if we don't have all partners at the table. There's one of the partners who worked until about three and a half years ago at the regional office in Albuquerque, which is where this decision was based out of.

Ted Simons: Interesting. All right. What is cellulosic biodiesel? I understand this company is going to use the wood, the trim from the Arizona forest, to make this -- it's an experimental project, isn't it?

David Tenney: From what I've been able to ascertain, it is. It's been tried in our country and other countries. To our knowledge we've not yet been able to find anybody able to do it with any amount of success. When you're talking 30,000 acres a year, you're talking about 300,000 tons of limbs and needles and branches to be disposed of somehow. If it cannot be converted into biodiesel, what does the Forest Service intend to do with all that slash, that would just lay on the forest floor and become more of a fire hazard.

Ted Simons: Is there a plan B at all?

Ted Simons: What happens if this ends up not working.

David Tenney: I sent out an open letter a week ago asking the Forest Service that question.

Ted Simons: And nothing as yet?

David Tenney: We will be having a meeting and information for us next week.

Ted Simons: They are going to produce something, I know they are talking about 500 some odd jobs outside of Winslow, that area, and we don't even know the commercial value yet, do we?

David Tenney: Well, we don't. Being a supervisor in Navajo County, and the fact that Winslow is in Navajo County, we are hoping it's going to be very successful. Not only thinning the forests, but from an economic standpoint. That's one of the things we're concerned about. I'm very fearful of anyone pulling away from the table and maybe tipping the scales against this working, because we can't afford for this not to work, Ted. We have got to have this work. The management practices in the forest over the last 20 years have not worked, as you've seen in these catastrophic fires that we've had. If this blows up, I don't know when we'll ever get it back. We need to know these people can be successful with the products they tend to manufacture.

Ted Simons: It sounds like it was winnowed down to two companies.

Ted Simons: It was dedicated to the smaller trees and this sort of thing. Why was Pioneer chosen if it's an experimental project they plan to produce? It's not even local. If everything seems to be curious or maybe a conflict of interest, it may alienate some stakeholders and take the 4-FRY into a direction you don't want to it go, why in the world was the company chosen?

David Tenney: I wish I knew the answer. I wrote a letter last week asking those exact questions. Hopefully the Forest Service will be forthcoming with that. We understand one of the other bidders bid about $9 million more to the government for the acreage. We understand there was a bid that offered up $500,000 a year for the monitoring of the project. If it is not funded what does the Forest Service intend to do to fund the monitoring? That was a key component, we're going monitor this and let science help us through this as it goes. We need to know what the Forest Service plans to do.

Ted Simons: Again, the other finalist was willing to pay more to do this work, and was willing to pay something at least to monitor ecological impact of the work. And yet the other company was chosen. And I understand the other finalist that was not chosen, the Arizona company, they are disbanding. They have no reason to exist. If that's the plan B, plan B has just left the farm.

David Tenney: That's my understanding. From what I've been able to ascertain, $14 million over the 10 years left on the table. And company B, if you don't have that contract, no reason to exist anymore and they may not be there. We need answers and need to be assured. The residents of Navajo county are concerned and want to know, is this going work.

Ted Simons: Last point: The Forest Service from what we have heard, and obviously we haven't heard much more than have you -- they describe this as an appropriately scaled community-based industry. Make sense?

David Tenney: Well, appropriately scaled, yes. We've gotta get the scale up, we're going for the 300,000 acres first thing. Community-based? It remains to be seen. If you don't have the support of the environmental community or the governmental community and the citizens at large, is it really community-based? And it'll struggle if we don't get that. That's what we're looking for.

Ted Simons: Would this have been a better second contract, do you think, than a first contract?

David Tenney: Quite possibly. I knew a lot more about the other bidder because they have been very forthcoming to us as a county board. I don’t even qualified to make that judgment, I just don't know enough about them.

Ted Simons: We will have the Forest Service on next week and talk with them about some of the things we talked to you about.

David Tenney: It's my 25th anniversary, can I tell my wife I love her?

Ted Simons: Congratulations, you son of a gun, congratulations.

LISC Phoenix

  |   Video
  • Executive Director of LISC Phoenix, Teresa Brice, talks about her organization that, for the past 20 years, has been helping Valley residents transform neglected neighborhoods into areas of pride by way of financial aid, technical assistance and advocacy.
  • Teresa Brice - Executive Director, LISC Phoenix
Category: Community   |   Keywords: community, phoenix, LISC, neighborhoods, valley, ,

View Transcript
Ted Simons: For the past 20 years LISC-Phoenix has been helping Valley residents transform neglected neighborhoods into areas of pride by way of technical assistance and advocacy. Here is its executive director, Teresa Brice.

Ted Simons: Did I get that right?

Teresa Brice: You did a great job, a great way to capitalize what we've been doing for the last 20 years in the Phoenix area.

Ted Simons: Community Development Financial Institution, what does that mean?

Teresa Brice: It's a complicated name, like ours, lock initiative sensitive corporation. We bring a variety of tools to help neighborhoods build communities.

Ted Simons: That makes you a mission-based lender.

Teresa Brice: You can think of us as a bank or a foundation, because we do bring financial resources in the form of loans and grants. But I think the thing that distinguishes us, we don't simply put money on the table and walk away and hope for the best. We bring our skills and expertise and put them at the disposal of local residents and local nonprofits.

Ted Simons: I've heard you described as the United way of community development.

Teresa Brice: That is true. We have a variety of local partners. We distribute funds to the communities through that network of partners.

Ted Simons: We talk about creating a place of pride in certain neighborhoods. And creating a there there. How do you get a there there? How does it work?

Teresa Brice: You have to capture a sense of community. For every neighborhood that's different. In historic neighborhoods you've got a history, you've got a sense of pride, you've got a continuity there. In the newer neighborhoods, especially because Phoenix has grown so quickly and other communities, as well, it's hard to put a point on what exactly makes them unique. What we tend to do is try to focus on those neighborhoods that are really at a tipping point that, perhaps have experienced this investment in the past. Because of a rich culture and a sense of pride and identity, we want to put those aspects to work in building better neighborhoods.

Ted Simons: How do you get enough people to agree on what does capture that? Sounds like a lot of compromise and group think going on there.

Teresa Brice: Exactly. That's a sense of what democracy is. We ask the residents to come together. We don't parachute in from on hay and say, we have all the answers. We ask you to meet your neighbors, the business owners, the churches, the schools, the stakeholders that make up your neighborhood. Get together and decide on your own future. It's a long process, it's taken 18 months and our two target neighbors, we're continuing the process in May. That's just finalizing their quality of life plan.

Ted Simons: I was going to ask where, are those target neighborhoods?

Teresa Brice: In Phoenix it's Central City South, immediately south of the downtown area, roughly bounded by Jackson down to the freeway, I-17, Central Avenue, 19th Avenue. And then the Golden Gate neighborhood along McDowell between 35th and about 45th Avenue.

Teresa Brice: In Mesa it's the Washington-Escobedo neighborhood.

Ted Simons: I know as well that there is a focus on transit-oriented development, too. Now, these two neighborhoods don't sound like they are all that close to light rail or perhaps Mesa area will be close to light rail. Talk about the transit projects.

Teresa Brice: All the neighborhoods are within a currently planned transit extension or are in the planning process for that. Central city south is currently undergoing a study to help them decide whether or not to extend transit down south central Avenue that. Runs along the eastern boundary of central city south. The golden gate neighborhood, the west extension is going to be running along very close to McDowell, their southern boundary. In Mesa, Washington neighborhood is within a half mile of the new extension that just broke ground last week.

Ted Simons: How do you get into tomorrow figure out what they want and need there, and get commercial interest, as well? One of the promises of light rail is that it will develop commercial industries, businesses, restaurants, the whole nine yards along the route. How does that work?

Teresa Brice: Economic development is really critical. That's what these neighborhoods by and large are really lacking. They are interested in joining arms with businesses and the potential businesses that could benefit from having light rail. The whole point of light rail that is it sparks redevelopment. That's exactly what we need. Part of our job is to help neighbors understand being a transit oriented community means you have to look at increased density, increased community facilities, whether or not you're going to locate grocery stores, child care facilities, community health clinics, all of these things add to the sustainability of a neighborhood. It requires conversation, it requires compromise and give and take. Many of these older neighborhoods were not built for higher density, they are not used to anything more than a couple of stories. That's the transformation that's going occur along the light rail.

Ted Simons: How do you get elected officials on board with certain ideas when they may be saying, can't afford it right now?

Teresa Brice: Focusing on the transit development that is we're leveraging an existing public infrastructure investment. That's what's really critical. Phoenix and our other cities I want valley have the choice. As we continue to grow, do we continue to spend money further and further away from the huge public infrastructure investments.
Ted Simons: It's something called define legacy I was looking at, as well, what is that all about?

Teresa Brice: We were here about a year ago June 1st when we launched the TOD, LISC bringing 10 million, our partners bringing 10 million. Certain projects have already begun to move forward. Define legacy completed construction, and opened their doors last year. Now they are almost completely rented up.

Ted Simons: Interesting. I know when we talked last time the idea of building and renovating along light rail lines was key. Say that I'm along Washington street but it's either empty warehouses or apartment buildings, nothing going on there. Do I come to you? Or do you come to us? How do we get a there there?

Teresa Brice: There are several avenues. In the case of central city south they have worked for 18 months on a quality of life plan. They have set out a very broad agenda including things like health, transportation, housing, economic development. There are lots of ideas and lots of projects. They can bring us a project to us and say, help us find a developer, somebody that can understand how to put this project together, work with the neighborhood, get our input and make this successful. The city's own multiple acres along the land. The city of Tempe would like to see a certainly area developed. Or a developer may already own a piece of land and they want to us help bring additional public funds, low-income housing tax credits or bond financing to help make their project successful. Our job is to be able to take those pieces and put them together into a whole that will make the community proud.

Ted Simons: Sounds like encouraging work and you've got some work completed already in the pipeline. Congratulations, good to speak with you.

Teresa Brice: Thank you so much, I appreciate it