February 7, 2012
Host: Ted Simons
Arizona Centennial: “Skirting Traditions”
- “Skirting Traditions: Arizona Women Writers and Journalists 1912-2012”, is a book written by members of the Arizona Press Women. Co-editor Brenda Warneka will talk about the amazing women the book features. The book has been designated an official Arizona Centennial Legacy Project.
- Brenda Warneka - Co-editor, "Skirting Traditions - Arizona Women Writers and Journalists 1912-2012"
| Keywords: centennial
Ted Simons: "Arizona Press Women" has released a new book in time for Arizona's centennial. The book features the lives of pioneering women writers and journalists who left their mark on Arizona. Here to talk about "skirting traditions: Arizona women writers and journalists 1912-2012" is the book's creator and coeditor Brenda Warneka. Good to have you here. Thanks for joining us.
Brenda Warneka: Thank you, nice for to be here.
Ted Simons: What got you started on all of this?
Brenda Warneka: In 2009, I was the incoming president of Arizona Press Women and asked by the board to come up with a project for the centennial, which was coming up in 2012. And I had edited and written a couple of other anthologies -- anthologies and this came to mind, the fact that it should be an anthology. It was a natural association.
Ted Simons: They're fascinating stories. The title, "Skirting Traditions," how much did they have to fight tradition, the status quo?
Brenda Warneka: A lot. The truth is for a good part of this 100-year period of time, women didn't have the -- the rights in the workplace, didn't have the ability to perform that men were given because they -- they didn't have the same rights. And so for the women involved in this book, over this 100-year period of time, they really did skirt traditions because they weren't the traditional housewives, the traditional secretary in the workplace. But they really took over tan did things kind of their way. We have some of the women in the book, for example, that had problems in the workplace because they were told they couldn't wear pants, had to wear skirts.
Ted Simons: Yeah, yeah.
Brenda Warneka: This is just an example, and it kind of is where this title "Skirting Traditions" came from.
Ted Simons: I was going to say, there's one of the photographers in here, couldn't take a photograph because she had to climb up onto a ladder and she was wearing a skirt and someone else had to do the job.
Brenda Warneka: That was Wilma Hopkins, she's on the cover, and dressed up, she has a slim skirt and high heels. And she has this big camera. And it's kind of laughable today to see her in that position trying to see her do her job, but, yes, she was expected to climb a ladder in that outfit and as a result, she handed the camera it a man, and told him -- to a man and told him, and he climbed the ladder.
Ted Simons: She was a pioneering news photographer and wartime news photographer and wound up doing fashion because when the soldiers returned they wound up doing news photographer but she liked doing fashion, so wasn't that big of a sacrifice, apparently.
Brenda Warneka: That's true, she got into photography in the first place because the "Columbus Citizen," all of the men photographers had gone off to war and the city editor was looking for someone to replace them and he knew her from their camera club and approached her and said you're going to be a news photographer.
Ted Simons: And then she was.
Brenda Warneka: And then she was, and from there, eventually, ended up in -- at the "Tucson Citizen."
Ted Simons: Let's go to the other women profiled. Frank Lloyd Wright's, I guess, last wife, correct? Olgilvanna Lloyd Wright. She lived a fascinating life.
Brenda Warneka: First, I knew nothing about her when I started to research the story. I wrote that chapter. And I really had no idea she was a writer. Because I didn't know that much about even Frank Lloyd Wright at this point. But I was at the state archives doing research on one of the other women I wrote about and there on the membership rolls, I saw her name and thought, wow, this sounds interesting. So then I proceeded to research her. And I had a lot of help, by the way, from others. And she was born in Montenegro, which later became Yugoslavia and ended up in Paris at one point, in an institute of spiritual enlightenment, where she was studying under a guru.
Ted Simons: Yeah?
Brenda Warneka: And from there, when that institute was disbanded came to the United States, and it was then in the United States in Chicago, she met Frank Lloyd Wright. But this -- the fellowship, then, that Frank Lloyd Wright set up with the architects was really her idea and based on this institute she had lived in in Paris.
Ted Simons: Yes.
Brenda Warneka: Where all of the people that live there had participated in the work and the house and on the grounds, as part of their compensation for living there. And so -- and so this is really the basis for the fellowship and it is her idea they should do this because at the time she married Frank Lloyd Wright, he was pretty broke and, in fact, he said, penniless. Pretty penniless, the way he put it and they were out here because he was consulting on the Arizona Biltmore and they brought in, then -- when they were -- when he was working on the Biltmore, he met Dr. Chandler and started working with Dr. Chandler on a project. San Marcos in the desert out near Chandler and Frank Lloyd Wright brought in 16 assistants from -- brought in assistants to help him on the project and they had no money, really, to pay them and they ended up in the desert living in canvas tents and what they called Ocotillo camp, which was the prototype. And as a result of this, she had an idea, well, why not have young people who want to study architecture, come and study under you and they can pay us --
Ted Simons: Yeah.
Brenda Warneka: -- to study. And then they also did the work at the fellowship.
Ted Simons: The brains behind the operation there.
Brenda Warneka: Yeah.
Ted Simons: There's so many other women, but we're running out of time I wanted to mention Esther Clark. A female Ernie Pile, she was called and she was a Vietnam -- embedded I think with the south Vietnamese troops and a wartime correspondent, underline capital letters.
Brenda Warneka: She was embedded with the troops in Vietnam for I think three months and also took part in war exercises down in Panama. She flew in jets with the military. She was under the sea in submarines with the military. All of her adventure, she talked about in her articles and so her followers could enjoy with her the thrill of participating in these things.
Ted Simons: Well, her story is wonderful. We've got a woman named Sister Born who you have to get the book it read about, a character and three different lives and these things. But it’s a wonderful compendium of people that Arizona should know especially in the centennial year. We appreciate you here talking about it and it must have been fun to work on.
Brenda Warneka: It's available online, Amazon, Barnes & Noble, our publisher, in Tucson, and also should be available in any bookstore in Arizona. It's showing up and can be ordered.
Ted Simons: Thank you for being here, we appreciate it.
Brenda Warneka: Thank you, bye-bye.
Ted Simons: Wednesday on "Arizona Horizon" -- Get caught up on what's happening at the state capitol in our weekly legislative update. And hear from those opposed to a controversial copper mine near Florence. That's Wednesday on "Arizona Horizon," 5:30 and 10:00 right here on eight H.D. That's it for now. I'm Ted Simons. Thank you so much for joining us! You have a great evening!
- A new online system is helping candidates collect the $5 contributions they need to qualify as a publicly-funded candidate. Executive Director of the Citizens Clean Elections Commission Todd Lang explains how the system works.
- Todd Lang - Executive Director, Citizens Clean Elections Commission
| Keywords: clean
Ted Simons: Arizona is preparing to launch a new service that lets candidates collect petition signatures online. It will also allow clean elections candidates to collect five-dollar contributions needed to qualify for public funding. Here with more on that and other clean elections issues is Todd Lang, executive director of the Arizona citizens clean elections commission. Good to see you, thanks for joining us.
Todd Lang: Thanks for having me.
Ted Simons: This is called equali -- or, what's this about?
Todd Lang: It's about qualifying electronically, the opportunity for folks to get their online petition signed to get on the -- get it signed online to get the ballot and so they can qualify for Clean Elections funding.
Ted Simons: How does this work? Go to the secretary of state's website?
Todd Lang: That's right. You go there and it has election information and you can as a candidate register your -- your -- your campaign there. And what happens, you direct your supporters there and they can then sign your petitions online. An electronic signature, it's verified and completely secured, security protected and works well.
Ted Simons: Basically go to the site and looks like I sign in with my driver's license, something along those lines?
Todd Lang: That's how they verify. All of that information you provide with the driver's license and you give the number and then you sign the petition and when you verify your petition, your actual signature shows up. It's a neat system.
Ted Simons: Interesting. The candidate still has to print them and submit them in person like the old days, right?
Todd Lang: That's correct, but what the program does is collates them and makes it -- collates and prints them out. And with the Clean Elections, it prints them and makes a list and saves time for candidates.
Ted Simons: Why only half of qualifying signatures allowed to be collected this way?
Todd Lang: This is a pilot program and sunsets after the 2014 election and only wanted to do half because they want to make sure the system works properly and because it's important. In my perspective as a Clean Elections employee, it's important that the candidates get that opportunity to meet folks. This provides an opportunity for folks who know who they want to support and get the $5 contributions in there and quickly and electronically from the comfort of their home.
Ted Simons: There's some questions regarding the half are online. In the old days, the candidates got to go out, his people or her staff have to go out and you learn more about the candidate, there's staff -- their staff and how they organize that and organize a signature process and you learn from about the candidate by way of the process. You might lose a little bit this way.
Todd Lang: I don't think. So I think the secretary of state Bennett looked at that issue and all of us concerned about that, agreed that the half cutoff makes that still an important criteria. You still have to be organized and get out there and meet the people and talk to the voters and voter who is wanting that contact, can have it. Because the candidates still have do that. I think the concerns are addressed by doing it half and half.
Ted Simons: The idea of -- how to make sure that was verification process works and the signatures are the real John Hancock?
Todd Lang: With the $5 qualifying contribution for Clean Elections, those are checked by the county recorders. This system prechecks it because it's verified through your driver's license information on electronic file, you're already know that your petition signatures are good and $5 qualification slips are good. And so you don't have -- I think we're going to see fewer petition challenges because this half is already going to be pre-verified.
Ted Simons: Privacy concerns?
Todd Lang: No, the security is very tight and they haven't had security issues with the other financial information already online with the driver's license and e-voting so I think this will work well.
Ted Simons: This is good for statewide offices and for state legislature, those office, not citizen initials though, how come?
Todd Lang: I think that was debated in the legislature, there was a concern it might be too many and too easy to get on the ballot, but frankly, that's something that they may consider down the road. But I know that the legislature was very concerned about that and wanted to limit to the pilot program to see how it works.
Ted Simons: You mentioned the five dollar qualifying contributions to Clean Elections candidates as well. Same process as the signature process?
Todd Lang: That's right. The same thing, in fact, when you go online, what you'll see is the -- all of the districts you're qualified to vote for. And you can sign candidate petitions and you can also give $5 qualification -- qualifying contributions for the candidates running as participating candidates. So provides that opportunity. For instance, if you go online for candidate Jones and sign that petition, it will tell you the other candidates who you're also qualified to give to, through the online or to sign the petition and has links to the candidates' websites so you can find out more information and contact them directly.
Ted Simons: While the legislature is in session, lawmakers can accept $5 but not do fundraising on their own?
Todd Lang: Not during session.
Ted Simons: Not during session. I got to ask this, because the matching funds, obviously a whole different ballgame. With that out of the picture, why would a candidate decide to run clean knowing that someone else wants to out-spend, the lid is off?
Todd Lang: It was an anti-corruption measure. People were tired of the things that had happened and wanted to clean up the system and the system is still there. The opportunity is still there for folks to run who don't want to be beholden to special interests and don't want to go to the PAC or Super PAC. They want to go to the constituents, that option is still there. And if you're worried about getting hit by a nasty attack ad, you could get matching funds and respond. But now you have to be a little more frugal and set money aside. But we find that last election cycle, but it's a viable option and gives the voters more choices on election day.
Ted Simons: Last question. We talked about how easy it was to sign the petitions and donate $5. Is it possibly too easy? Should there be more hoops and hurdles?
Todd Lang: The goal is to encourage participation and I think it's a generally held view, people in Arizona want everybody to participate in the election system. It if it's hard to get out of the house or you're a busy person, it's easier to give to the candidate of your choice and that's a good thing.
Ted Simons: Thanks for joining us.
Todd Lang: Thanks for having me.
Senate Appropriations Chairman
- Senator Don Shooter (R-Yuma) will speak about his role as Chairman of the powerful Senate Appropriations Committee and the process of drafting a new State budget.
- Senator Don Shooter - (R-Yuma)
| Keywords: senate
, governmentm senator
Ted Simons: Good evening, and welcome to "Arizona Horizon." I'm Ted Simons. The senate appropriations committee is one of the most powerful committees in the state legislature. It's the money committee, and it plays a key role in drafting the state budget. Here to talk about the budget process and his new position as chairman of the senate appropriations committee is Senator Don Shooter, a Republican from Yuma. Good to see you. Thanks for joining us.
Sen. Don Shooter: Thanks for having me.
Ted Simons: You betcha. What are we looking at the budget coming in? The governor has a number, what's happening?
Sen. Don Shooter: It's very, very early in the process. Only been at it two or three weeks all told and working closely with the house and the governor's staff and, you know, I think we're moving in the right direction. I mean, we're not as -- as I think Chairman Kavanagh said, we're in the same church, if not the same pew. So my hope is we can continue to work together to get the issues we have resolved.
Ted Simons: How is the budget being negotiated and who is doing the negotiating?
Sen. Don Shooter: Well, um, I'm a newcomer to this process. It's my first year as chairman and when I was appointed, one of things I wanted to do was get the preliminary work out of way, we've been working with staff of both houses and the governor's staff to some extent to try to, you know, make this -- the same story. I mean, make it as painless as possible within the -- within the bounds of fiscal reality.
Ted Simons: I read a quote or a paraphrase, you want no cut, no restorations and no sweeps. Is that viable?
Sen. Don Shooter: That's an ideal world, yes. And well, we believe it is. I mean, there are -- there are always differences of opinion but a difference of opinion doesn't necessarily translate into a difference in policy. So, you know, again, I'd like it think we're working closely with the governor's office to accomplish those goals. One of the things that people may or may not realize is the state of Arizona is the third from the bottom on the credit raiding. The only two states that have worse credit than we do is California and Illinois and that's not where we want to be. Good things are happening. In the process, the governor was supportive of last year of the budget as you're aware and for the first time in many years, we have a real surplus, not a gimmicky one, or anything else. My hope, if you think of it in terms of a business, our P & L is not bleeding red. We've gone from a red to a black one. But on the other side of that ledger is your balance sheet, we're a 3-7 in the hole. We have to go another 12 years like we did last time and work ourselves into almost being broke.
Ted Simons: You mentioned 12 years, a couple of years, certainly the end -- 2013, June, a cliff, a train. Something is coming with the loss of the temporary sales tax search that the big gorilla in the room during discussions?
Sen. Don Shooter: There's a number of things we're hopefully prepared for and as I say, we're working together and hopefully come to the right balance. It's always a balance. If you're going to take something out here, can you put it back here and prioritizing everything else but there's three big cliffs we have. The first is as you rightly point out, the one-cent sales tax. $860 million gone. The second is Obama care and no one, including -- they can give you best guesses but no one in the state or feds can tell you what that will cost. That's an unknown and the third one, I hope we're wrong, but I have a feeling we may be looking at a double-dip recession. If you believe that as your world view, you have a moral and ethical responsibility to make provisions for that.
Ted Simons: I know earlier, you were considering banning public testimony from the budget debate. First of all, is that true --
Sen. Don Shooter: No.
Ted Simons: -- and secondly, what is that all about.
Sen. Don Shooter: It's -- look, we have presentations by -- by departments. And historically, it's up to the chairman whether they want to take additional testimony or not. About half do, half don't. I chose not to. But we're always going to take -- and it was always -- I was always going to take public testimony on budget items and other -- and bills and things like that, which would be appropriate. But --
Ted Simons: Ok --
Sen. Don Shooter: It's a tempest in the teapot.
Ted Simons: We heard you weren't taking testimony on the government agencies but on the budget, it's unprecedented.
Sen. Don Shooter: I don't know where that came from.
Ted Simons: Ok.
Sen. Don Shooter: It's a tempest in a teapot. I think it was a slow news day.
Ted Simons: 14-hour meetings -- you're set for that?
Sen. Don Shooter: I would prefer not to.
Ted Simons: Last question: What target are we looking at for a budget to get done? I'm hearing March.
Sen. Don Shooter: Well, I have --
Ted Simons: Mid March?
Sen. Don Shooter: That depends greatly on all of us working hard to resolve issues we may have. But I was told that the record for a budget was 65 days by the gentleman who's been there for 25 years, the -- the director of the JLBC, my goal is to beat that, it's important we get out and do other -- it's important we do other bills and stuff that need to be done as well as the budget. I hope we can work together and so far we are, to make this as painless as possible within the bounds of financial realities.
Ted Simons: All right. Very good. Good to have you here. Thanks for joining us.
Sen. Don Shooter: Thanks for having me.